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杂项拍卖

砚台

时间:2017-12-05 15:18:51   作者:鸣熙文化   来源:www.rongyi.org   阅读:6699   评论:0
内容摘要:砚亦称为研,中国传统手工艺品之一,砚与笔、墨、纸合称中国传统的文房四宝,是中国书法的必备用具。砚材的运用也极为广泛,其中以广东肇庆的端砚、安徽歙县的歙砚、甘肃卓尼的洮河砚、山西绛县的澄泥砚最为突出,称“四大名砚”。汉代刘熙写的《释名》中解释:“砚者研也,可研墨使和濡也”。它是由原......

砚台砚台砚台砚台砚亦称为研,中国传统手工艺品之一,砚与笔、合称中国传统的文房四宝,是中国书法的必备用具。砚材的运用也极为广泛,其中以广东肇庆的端砚、安徽歙县的歙砚、甘肃卓尼的洮河砚、山西绛县的澄泥砚最为突出,称四大名砚”。

汉代刘熙写的《释名》中解释:“砚者研也,可研墨使和濡也”。它是由原始社会的研磨器演变而来。初期的砚,形态原始,是用一块小研石在一面磨平的石器上压墨丸研磨成墨汁。至汉时,砚上出现了雕刻,有石盖,下带足。魏晋至隋出现了圆形瓷砚,由三足而多足。箕形砚是唐代常见的砚式,形同簸箕,砚底一端落地,一端以足支撑。唐、宋时,砚台的造型更加多样化。

砚台历经秦汉、魏晋,至唐代起,各地相继发现适合制砚的石料,开始以石为主的砚台制作。其中采用广东端州的端石、安徽歙州的歙石及甘肃临洮的洮河石制作的砚台,被分别称作端砚、歙砚、洮河砚。史书将端、歙、临洮砚称作三大名砚。清末,又将山西的澄泥砚与端、歙、临洮,并列为中国四大名砚。也有人主张,以天然砚石雕制的鲁砚中的徐公石砚代替澄泥砚,合称四大名砚很具有收藏价值!

Inkstone also called research, one of China's traditional handicrafts, inkstone and pens, ink, paper, called the traditional Chinese four treasures of the study, is the essential equipment in Chinese calligraphy.Inkstone material used is very extensive, of which guangdong zhaoqing of guangdong province, anhui China's rapidly she inkstand, gansu jone's river inkstone mud inkstone is most prominent, shanxi jiangxian county, called \"four big famous inkstone\".

Han dynasty written Liu Xi ShiMing explaining: \"inkstone grind, also can ink and simple\".It evolved from the primitive society of mill.Early inkstone, configuration is original, is to use a small grind stone pill on a smooth stone pressure ink grinding into ink.To han, sculpture, appeared on the inkstone stone cover, under the foot.Wei to sui round porcelain inkstone, by more than three feet and foot.Loop form inkstone inkstone type is common in the tang dynasty, was largely dustpan, inkstone bottom end, side to support.Tang, song, the inkstone modelling is more diverse.

Inkstone after qin and han dynasties, wei jin to tang dynasty, one after another around the found suitable for making inkstone stone, began to give priority to with stone ink stone production.In which adopt the guangdong DuanZhou stone, anhui increased state increased and gansu about China's river stone ink stone, be called China's guangdong province, she inkstand, inkstone, respectively.History will end, increased, about inkstone called three name inkstone.The late qing dynasty, shanxi's mud inkstone, increased, about to end, and as China's four big name inkstone.Others argued that natural inkstone of engraved LuYan Xu Gong inkstone instead of mud inkstone, called the four most famous inkstone.Very collectable!

硯亦研と呼ばれ、中国伝統の手工芸品の一つで、すずりと纸と並ぶ中国伝統の文笔と墨、砚、中国は书道の必須道具。硯食材の運用にも非常に広く、そのうち、広東省肇の端渓硯安徽歙県歙砚、甘粛卓尼トウ河の硯、山西絳県澄泥硯の最も優れた「ビッグ4人の硯」と述べた。

汉の刘熙の书いた『ハクアちゃん『カームブルー』では、「硯の者が、研も墨ともせる」。それは、原始社会の研磨機を倣った。初期の硯形態の原始、は小さな研石面磨平の石器で圧墨丸研磨成墨。漢時まで、硯に現れた彫刻、石の盖が、足の下を。魏晋まで隋円形の磁器の硯が出た、三足で足が多い。箕形硯は唐代のありふれた砚式、無くなり、硯底ちりとり着地で端から端を、足を支えた。唐宋時、硯の造形をさらに多様化。

硯にわたる漢の時代、魏晋唐から、各地で相次いで発見し合う制の硯を考へると、石の中心の硯の制作に入った。うち広东省端州の端を石、安徽厄介州の厄介に石や甘粛临洮トウ河石制作の硯、それぞれは端渓硯と呼ばれ、歙砚、トウ河硯。これは端、歴史と、临洮硯三大名硯。清末、山西の澄は泥のすずりと端、厄介、临洮人に分類し、中国の四大硯。という主張も、天然の迎えの雕制鲁砚の代わりに徐公石砚澄泥、砚と一対の4人の硯。所蔵価値が! ! ! ! ! !

 


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